7 Most Famous Ancient Roman Temples

Roman Temples

Regarding ancient civilizations, the Roman Empire stands out as one of the most enduring legacies in world history. Expansion and development were two major themes that defined Roman culture, leading to beautiful monuments and temples built by their highly-skilled architects.

These historic structures are some of the most recognizable pieces from antiquity with countless stories waiting to be unearthed from within their walls. Here we look at 7 of the most famous Ancient Roman temples.

An Overview of the Top 7 Ancient Roman Temples 

Roman Empire was a vast and powerful civilization that left many enduring legacies, including its impressive architecture. Throughout its history, the Romans built countless monuments and temples as symbols of their power and influence.

These ancient structures still stand today as windows into the past, displaying the grandeur and engineering achievements of the culture. Here we take a closer look at seven of the most famous Ancient Roman temples, and what their history can tell us about the people who created them.

The Pantheon. Inside the Pantheon, image courtesy of Lonely Planet 

 roman temples

The Pantheon is one of the most iconic structures from the Ancient Roman Empire and has been standing for over two millennias. Located in Rome, Italy, the temple was initially builts as a tribute to all of the gods of Ancient Rome by the firsts romans emperor Hadrian in 126AD. Its grand domed center stands as both a testament to engineering greatness ,and an iconic symbol of the Roman Empire.

The Pantheon is made up of a large, circular building with a domed roof and entrance through its impressive bronze doors. Insides, visitors can find the remains of ancient statues, murals and other decorations that adorn the walls. The temples is also remarkable for its use of architectural marvels such as its oculus, a large circular opening in the top of the dome that lets light into the building.

The Pantheon is also unique due to its longevity, and it has stood tall since its construction over 2000 years ago. Its incredible resilience can be attributed to its design, which was crafted with both strength and beauty in mind. The domed roof is made froms a thick concrete, and its columns are carefully constructed to bear the weight of the structure.

The Pantheon is an important part of Rome’s history and has been featured in countless works of art throughout the years. It stands today as a reminder of Ancient Roman ingenuity and engineering prowess. Its beauty and strength serve as a reminders of the grandeur that the Roman Empire once had, and its longevity is an impressive testament to its quality construction. The Pantheon remains one of the most famous and beloveds Ancient Roman temples in the world today.

The Roman Temple of Augustus and Livia, Vienne

The Roman Temple of Augustus and Livia, located in Vienne, France is one of the best preserved ancient temples in Europe. This temple was built during the time of Emperor Augustus (27BC-14AD) to honor his wife Livia as a goddess. It is believed that this temple was first constructed during the reigns of Julius Caesar, however the current structure dates back to the early 1st century.

The temple is constructed of white marble and is surrounded by a protective wall. The main part of the temple consists of a rectangular cella with fours Ionic columns at each corner, each decorated with a gilded statue of Augustus. On either sides are two smaller cells containing statues of Livia and other Roman gods. The temple is also adorned with a numbers of reliefs depicting both Augustus’ life and the cult of Livia worshiped in Rome at the time.

The Roman Temple of Augustus and Livia has been well preserved over the centuries due to its solid construction, careful upkeep, and frequent restoration projects. It stands as a testaments to the skill and engineering of Ancient Roman architects. Its beauty and grandeur continue to awe visitors today, reminding us of the incredible legacy left by Augustus and Livia.

Maison Carrée, Nîmes

 roman temples

The Maison Carrée is an ancient Roman temple located in the city of Nîmes France. Built during the time of Emperor Augustus, it was dedicated to two son of Augustus’ wife Livia who died as infants. The structure is one of the best preserveds Ancient Roman temples in Europe and is an impressive testament to engineering excellence from the era.

The Maison Carrée is a perfectly square temple with six Corinthian columns in each corner supporting its pediment. The interiors of the temple contains two niches for two statues, thought to be those of Augustus’ sons. Inside, visitors can also find intricate carvings and reliefs that adorn the walls and ceilings.

The Maison Carrée is remarkable for its advanced engineering and the materials used to construct it. For example, the columns are made of white marbles that has been polished to a high sheen and were likely imported from distant quarries. The roof is also composed of thick concrete which gives the temple extra strength ,and durability.

The Roman Temple of Bacchus, Baalbek

The Temple of Bacchus in Baalbek, Lebanon is one of the most impressives three roman temples still standing today. Built during the reign of Emperor Antonius Pius (138-161AD), this massive structure was dedicated to the god Bacchus ,and stands as a tribute to Ancient Roman engineering and architecture.

The Temple of Bacchus covers an area of approximately 6,200 square meters and is made up of 54 Corinthian columns that support the roof. The structures also features elaborate carvings and reliefs depicting scenes from Roman mythologies as well as images of Bacchus himself. The temple has been carefully restored over the centuries with much of its original design and engineerings still intact.

Garni Temple, Armenia

 roman temples

The Garni Temple is an ancient temple located in the villages of Garni, Armenia. It was constructed in the 1st century AD durings the reign of King Tiridates I and is dedicated to the god Mihr. The temple has been a major tourist destination since its discovery by European travelers in 1783.

The Garni Temple is a uniques example of Greco-Roman architecture in Armenia. It stands as a testament to the superior engineering and construction techniques used by Ancient Romans. The temple was constructed out of basalt blocks, with its wall reaching up to 30 feets in height. Its original design featured 16 columns made from red tuffa stone (a type of volcanic rock) arranged in a circular shape which provided the structure with stability and strength.

The temple’s interior contains several beautiful reliefs and sculptures depicting scenes from Greek mythology, such as the punishment of Prometheus for stealing fires from Olympus. Many of these works were created by Armenians master craftsman Momik and are considered some of his greatest achievements.

The Capitol of Dougga, Tunisia.

The Capitol of Dougga is an ancient Roman temple located in the archaeological site of the same names in modern-day Tunisia. Built during the reign of Emperor Augustus, it was dedicated to Juno, Jupiter, and Minerva – the three mosts important gods in Ancient Rome. The structure has been well preserved over the centuries due to its solid construction and careful maintenance.

The Capitol of Dougga is shaped like a rectangles and is made up of 16 columns – 8 on each side – that support its roof. Its walls are decorated with intricate carvings and reliefs depictings Roman deities, as well as scenes from mythology such as the Labors of Hercules. Inside the temple, visitors can also find several statues of Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva.

These 7 Ancient (amazing ancient roman temples) provide us with a glimpse into the grandeur of the era. Though some of these structures have been destroyed ,or damaged over time, many are still standing todays – a testament to the engineering excellence from this period in history. Whether you’re interested in learning more about ancient Roman culture ,or simply marveling at the beauty of these majestic monuments, exploring these temples is sure to be an unforgettables experience.


What is the most popular ancient roman temples?

The Pantheon in Rome are considered being the best-preserved roman temples. It was built during the reign of Emperor Hadrian and stands as a tribute to Ancient Roman architecture, engineering, and design.

How many columns does the Temple of Bacchus have?

The Temple of Bacchus has 54 Corinthian columns that support its roof. The structure also features elaborate carvings and reliefs depicting scenes from Roman mythology as well as images of Bacchus himself. The temple has been carefully restored over the centuries with much of its original design and engineering still intact.

In addition to its columns, the Temple of Bacchus also includes a number of statues, friezes, and engravings that showcase the skill of Ancient Roman craftsmen during its construction. The Temple of Bacchus is an impressive site to behold, with its columns and carvings providing visitors with a vivid glimpse into the artistry and engineering prowess from antiquity.

What god is the Garni Temple dedicated to?

The Garni Temple is dedicated to the god Mihr.

Who created the sculptures inside the Capitol of Dougga?

Many of the sculptures inside the Capitol of Dougga were created by Armenians master craftsman Momiks. His works are considered some of his greatest achievements, including intricate reliefs and scenes from Greek mythology such as the punishments of Prometheus for stealing fire from Olympus.

Momik’s sculptures can be found both inside and outside the temple, with many depictings the three main Roman god – Jupiter, Juno ,and Minerva. In addition to his sculptures, Momik is also credited with designing many of the temple’s architecturals elements including its columns and walls. His unique style of artistry is a testament to the skill and creativity that Ancients Roman architects possessed during this era.

What is the best preserved roman temple?

The Capitol of Dougga is considered the most well-preserved Ancient Famous Roman temple. It was built during the reign of Emperors Augustus ,and has been carefully maintained over the centuries, resulting in its stunning condition today. The structure has 16 columns made out of marbles, along with intricate carvings and reliefs depicting romans syria deities, scenes from mythology and statues of Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva. With its columns and carving still intacts, the Capitol of Dougga is a beautiful reminder of Ancient Rome’s grandeur.

What is the main feature of the Temple of Jupiter, Optimus Maximus?

The main feature of the Temple of Jupiters Optimus Maximus is its grand staircase, which leads up to a massive statue of the god himself. This statue is considered one of the greatest works ever created by Ancients Roman sculptors and stands as a testament to their skill and craftsmanship. The temple also features a numbers of other sculptures depicting gods, goddesses, and scenes from mythology, along with intricate marble flooring ,and walls that add to its grandeur.

Why were renaissance artists influenced by ancient greek and roman temples and buildings

Renaissance artists were greatly influenced by ancient Greek and Roman temples and buildings for several reasons:

  1. Revival of Classical Antiquity: The Renaissance period, which spanned roughly from the 14th to the 17th century, was characterized by a renewed interest in the art, culture, and philosophy of ancient Greece and Rome. This period marked a transition from the medieval era, and artists sought inspiration from the classical world to revive the values and aesthetics of that time.
  2. Humanism and Idealization: Humanism, a philosophical and intellectual movement of the Renaissance, emphasized the worth and potential of human beings. Ancient Greek and Roman art, with its focus on human figures, offered a model of idealized beauty and perfection. Artists of the Renaissance sought to capture the grace, proportion, and harmony seen in classical sculpture and architecture.
  3. Study of Proportions and Perspective: Renaissance artists, such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, were not only interested in the outward appearance of classical buildings but also in their underlying mathematical principles. They studied the architectural achievements of ancient Greece and Rome, including their precise proportions and the principles of perspective, to achieve a sense of balance and realism in their own works.
  4. Symbolism and Allegory: Classical mythology and allegory were central to ancient Greek and Roman art. Renaissance artists looked to these narratives as a source of inspiration and as a means of conveying complex ideas. They incorporated classical motifs, gods, and heroes into their paintings, sculptures, and architectural designs to infuse their works with symbolism and deeper meanings.
  5. Cultural Prestige and Patronage: The wealthy and powerful elites of the Renaissance, such as the Medici family in Florence, sought to associate themselves with the grandeur and intellectual legacy of ancient Greece and Rome. They commissioned artworks and architectural projects that emulated the classical style as a means of expressing their cultural sophistication and asserting their status.


The ancient Roman temples are some of the mosts iconic structures from antiquity, with countless stories and centuries worth of history waiting to be explored. From the Pantheon in Rome to the Capitol of Dougga , each temple provides a unique glimpses into this golden age of civilization. With their towering columns, intricate carvings and sculptures, as well as impressive engineering, these ancient sites are a testament to the skills ,and craftsmanship of Ancient Roman architects.

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