Emperor Alexander Severus

Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus - "Alexander Severus" Bust

Emperor Alexander Severus

Life: AD 208 – 235 Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus, known as Alexander Severus was born in AD 208 in Caesarea (sub-Libano) in Phoenicia. He was the son of Gessius Marcianus …

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Lucius Septimius Severus Bust

Emperor Severus

Life: AD 145 – 211 Early Life Lucius Septimius Severus was born on 1 April AD 145 at Lepcis Magna in Tripolitania. His family was of African descent. His paternal …

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Publius Licinius Valerianus - "Valerian" Coin

Emperor Valerian

Life: AD c. 195 – 260 Early Life Valerian, a descendant of a distinguished family from Etruria, was born in about AD 195. He served as consul in the 230s …

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Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus - "Maximinus Thrax" Bust

Emperor Maximinus Thrax

Life: AD c.173 – 238 Traditionally the birth of Maximinus Thrax is stated as having been either in AD 172 or 173, as was believed by the ancient historians. Today …

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Elagabalus Varius Avitus Bassianus Bust

Emperor Elagabalus

Life: AD 204 – 222 Early Life of Elagabalus Elagabalus was born Varius Avitus Bassianus in AD 203 or 204 at Emesa in Syria. He was the son of the …

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Lucius Septimius Bassianus - "Caracalla" Bust

Emperor Caracalla

Life: AD 188 – 217 Early Life Caracalla was born on 4 April AD 188 in Lugdunum (Lyons), being named Lucius Septimius Bassianus. His last name was given to him …

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The Decline of the Roman Empire

Period: AD 193 – 337 Second Crisis of the EmpireAD 193 – 194 Publius Helvius Pertinax – “Pertinax” Reign: AD 193 Whatever the nature of the conspiracy against Commodus, it …

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roman empire


Periods of the Roman Empire Timeline of the Roman Empire

Ancient Roman Sources

NAME PERIOD BACKGROUND & FAMOUS WORKS LANGUAGE Acts of Pilate early fourth century AD Forged documents circulated round the east of the empire by emperor Maximinus II Daia to discredit …

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List of Roman Consuls by Year

Who Was Consul When by ‘Andraeus Papadopolus Dacicus Maximus‘ Note: the Roman numerals behind the names indicate how many times the specific individual has been in office. Note II: consuls …

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roman army

The Roman Army Overview

Nowhere does the Roman talent for organization show itself so clearly as in its army. The story of the Roman army is an extensive one, demonstrated in part by the …

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Period: AD 326 – 1453 Byzantium had first been reconstructed in the time of Septimius Severus not just as a Roman city, but modelled on Rome itself, on and around …

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Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius Bust

Emperor Maxentius

Life: AD c. 279 – 312 Early Life Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius was born around AD 279 as the son of Maximian and his Syrian wife, Eutropia. He was made …

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Marcus Julius Verus Philippus - "Philippus Arabs" or "Philip the Arab" Bust

Emperor Philippus Arabs

Life: AD c. 204 – 249 Early Life Philippus was born in about AD 204 in a small town in the region of Trachonitis in southwestern Syria as the son …

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