The Decline

Period Overview

Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus - "Pupienus" Bust

Emperor Pupienus

Life: AD c. 164 – 238 Name: Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus Born AD ca. 164. Consul AD 217, 234. Became emperor in February AD 238. Wife: unknown (two sons; Titus …

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Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus - "Balbinus" Bust

Emperor Balbinus

Life: AD c. 170 – 238 Name: Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus Born AD ca. 170. Consul AD 203, 213. Became emperor in February AD 238. Wife: unknown. Died in Rome, …

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Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus - "Gordian II" Bust

Emperor Gordian II

Life: AD c. 192 – 238 Name: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Born AD ca. 192. Became emperor in 19 March AD 238. Died at Carthage, 9 April AD 238. …

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Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus - "Gordian I" Bust

Emperor Gordian I

Life: AD 159 – 238 Name: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Born AD ca. 159. Consul AD ca. 223. Became emperor in 19 March AD 238. Wife: Fabia Orestilla; (two …

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Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus - "Maximinus Thrax" Bust

Emperor Maximinus Thrax

Life: AD c.173 – 238 Name: Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus Born AD ca. 173 in the Danube region. Became emperor in March AD 235. Wife: Caecilia Paulina (one son; Gaius …

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Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus - "Alexander Severus" Bust

Emperor Alexander Severus

Life: AD 208 – 235 Name: Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus Born on 1 October AD 208 at Arca Caesarea in Phoenicia. Consul AD 222, 226, 229. Became emperor in 13 …

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Elagabalus Varius Avitus Bassianus Bust

Emperor Elagabalus

Life: AD 204 – 222 Name: Varius Avitus Bassianus Born AD 204 at Emesa in Syria. Consul AD 218, 219, 220, 222. Became emperor in 16 May AD 218. Wife: …

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Marcus Oppellius Macrinus Bust

Emperor Macrinus

Life: AD 164 – 218 Name: Marcus Oppellius Macrinus Born AD 164 at Caesarea in Mauretania. Consul AD 218. Became emperor in 11 April AD 217. Wife: Nonia Celsa (one …

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Publius Septimius Geta - "Geta" Bust

Emperor Geta

Life: AD 189 – 211 Name: Publius Septimius Geta Born on 7 March AD 189 at Rome. Consul AD 205. Became co-emperor in 4 February AD 211. Wife: none. Died …

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Lucius Septimius Bassianus - "Caracalla" Bust

Emperor Caracalla

Life: AD 188 – 217 Name: Lucius Septimius Bassianus Born on 4 April AD 188 at Lugdunum (Lyons). Consul AD 202, 205, 208, 213. Became co-emperor in 4 February AD …

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Decimus Clodius Septimius Albinus Bust

Decimus Clodius Albinus

Life: AD c. 145 – 197 The birth date of Clodius Albinus is unknown. But most likely he was born some time between AD 140 and 150 into wealthy family …

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Gaius Niger Coin

Emperor Pescennius Niger

Life: AD 135 – 195 Gaius Pescennius Niger was born into an Italian equestrian family in about AD 135. Made a senator by Commodus, he campaigned against the Sarmatians in …

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Lucius Septimius Severus Bust

Emperor Severus

Life: AD 145 – 211 Name: Lucius Septimius Severus Born on 11 April AD 145 at Lepcis Magna. Consul AD 190, 193, 194, 202. Became emperor in 9 April AD …

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Marcus Didius Severus Julianus - "Julianus" Bust

Emperor Julianus

Life: AD 133 – 193 Name: Marcus Didius Severus Julianus Born on 30 January AD 133 at Milan. Consul AD 120, 139, 140, 145. Became emperor in 28 March AD …

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