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Visit to the Gladiatorial Exhibition at the Colosseum
20 June 2001 to 07 January 2002

by 'Q. Aurelius Symmachus'

Impressions of the Gladiatorial Exhibit at the Colosseum. The admission fee is included in the normal ItL 13.000 cost of the ticket to the Colosseum.

Arena.jpg - 46796 Bytes
The arena area today – as seen from the second level up over the present main entrance

Subterranean-01.jpg - 31503 Bytes Subterranean-02.jpg - 49823 Bytes
Look closely and you may be able to identify as many as 3 subterranean levels in some of the passageways under the arena.

Titus.jpg - 19670 Bytes
The emperor under whom the colosseum was opened - Titus.

elevator-01.jpg - 16982 Bytes
Models of the elevators used to bring animals up to the the surface of the arena. The one above depicts an elevator dated to the Flavian period, the one below is believed to be from the days of emperor Severus.
elevator-02.jpg - 21483 Bytes
Scenery-Elevators.jpg - 13525 Bytes
Model of the scenery elevators of the Flavian period.

Eques.jpg - 15454 Bytes Myrmillo.jpg - 12294 Bytes Oplomachus.jpg - 11208 Bytes
Eques:
only one certain representation is known, in the socalled tomb of Umbricius Scaurus in Pompeii, short tunic, circular brim, round shield, leggings, lance and sword with the point.
Myrmillo:
helmet with simple crest, sleeve on right arm, short shin guard on left leg, long rectangular shield, straight sword.
Oplomachus:
helmet with simple crest, circular or hemispherical shield, tall shin guards, sword and lance.

Provocator.jpg - 12419 Bytes Retiarius.jpg - 12347 Bytes Thracian.jpg - 13451 Bytes
Provocator:
substantially analogous categories, that were used against the retiarius. The armament is generally analogous to that of the myrmillo, except for the ovoidal helmet, devoid of crest, so that it could not get caught in the net.
Retiarius:
absence of defensive weapons (except the galerus; metallic plaque fixed on the left shoulder, and a manica on the left arm), net, trident, short sword
Thracian:
helmet with decorated crest of a relief head of a gryphon; curved sword (sica); tall shin guard; manica (a type of mantel draped over his arm used against the opponent) on the right arm; small rectangular shield

Abruzzo.jpg - 50726 Bytes
From the Abruzzo, the relief depicts a Thracian on the left and an Oplomachus on the right

Terracotta-01.jpg - 20138 Bytes Terracotta-02.jpg - 21242 Bytes
Terracotta depicting Venatione, 1st C. AD

Equipment.jpg - 17572 Bytes weapons.jpg - 17978 Bytes
Helmets, greaves and weapons from the Gladiator Barracks at Pompeii. The helmet on the left is missing an original crest (and probably a plume) Weapons and shield from the gladiator barracks at Pompeii

Barracks.jpg - 16058 Bytes
A model of the gladiatorial barracks at Pompeii

TiberRelief.jpg - 19952 Bytes TorloniaVenatio.jpg - 19189 Bytes
Showing 3 Gladiators, this fragment of marble relief was noted as being from the Tiber. Presumably this means it was retrieved from the river. This is a photograph of the casting of the so-called Torlonia Marble which is presently listed as “missing”

BellowsOrgan.jpg - 32095 Bytes CeremonialHorn.jpg - 17990 Bytes
I believe this was identified from about 233 AD. Would have been used for some light music to accompany the slaughter. A Ceremonial Horn

StoraxRelief.jpg - 29914 Bytes
Marble relief from the funerary monument of the freedman C. Lucius Storax (The 3rd figure from the left is clearly a Myrmillo; the 3rd figure from the right, considering the tall shin guards would appear to be an Oplomachus without his lance; from the left, the 2nd and the 5th figures are interesting as they would seem to be Myrmilli in all except their crests which are certainly not simple.)