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A List of Legion Names

This is not a complete list of all legions, but a listing of examples of legionary nick-names and their origins.

Name Origin of Name Time of Creation
I Adiutrix pia fidelis Assistant, i.e. raised to supplement the legionary strength Nero
I Italica Raised in Italy Nero
I Macriana Raised by Clodius Macer Nero
I Flavia Minervia After Minerva Domitian
I Parthica Raised for campaigns in the East Severus
II Adiutrix pia fidelis Assistant, i.e. raised to supplement the legionary strength Vespasian
II Augusta Raised by Augustus Augustan
II Italica pia Raised in Italy Marcus Aurelius in AD 165
II Parthica Raised for campaigns in teh East Severus
II Traiana fortis Strong, raised by Trajan Trajan
III Augusta pia fidelis Formed by Augustus Augustan
III Cyrenaica Province where it gained distinction Pre-Augustan
III Gallica From the veterans of Caesar's Gallic legions Pre-Augustan
III Italica concors United, raised in Italy Marcus Aurelius in AD 165
III Parthica Raised for campaigns in the East Severus
IV Flavia firma Steadfast, raised by Vespasian Vespasian in AD 70
IV Macedonica Province where it gained distinction Augustan
IV Scythia Region where it gained distinction Pre-Augustan
V Alaudae The Lark, raised by Caesar Pre Augustan
V Macedonica Province where it gained distinction Pre-Augustan
VI Ferrata fidelis constans 'Iron-sides', a nickname indicating their endurance Pre-Augustan
VI Victrix Victorious, given after an outstanding victory Pre-Augustan
VII Macedonica Claudia pia fidelis For its loyalty to Claudius during a mutiny in AD 42 Pre-Augustan
VII Gemina One legion made out of two Galba
VIII Augusta Reconstituted by Augustus Pre-Augustan
IX Hispana Province where it gained distinction Pre-Augustan
X Fretensis From the naval war between Octavian and Sextus Pompeius Pre-Augustan
X Gemina One legion made out of two Pre-Augustan
XI Claudia pia fidelis For its loyalty to Claudius during a mutiny in AD 42 Pre-Augustan
XII Fulminata 'Lighting-hurler', probably gained under Caesar Pre-Augustan
XIII Gemina pia fidelis One legion made out of two Augustan
XIV Gemina Martia Victrix One legion made out of two Augustan
XV Apollinaris After the god Apollo Augustan
XV Primigenia After Fortuna Primigenia Caligula or Claudius
XVI Flavia firma Raised by Vespasian Vespasian in AD 70
XVI Gallica Province where it gained distinction, possibly under Drusus Augustan
XX Valeria Victrix Gained distinction under Valerius Messalinus Augustan
XXI Rapax 'Greedy' - in the sense of sweeping everthing before it Augustan
XXII Deiotariana Raised by Deiotarus Augustan
XXII Primigenia pia fidelis After Fortuna Primigenia Caligula or Claudius
XXX Ulpia victrix Raised by Trajan and called victorious presumably after distinguishing conduct in Dacia Trajan