3rd/2nd century BC
This may in fact be a hastatus or a principis. The distinction of the two forms is not quite clear.
The hastati formed the first battle line, ahead of the principes. The final, third line was held by the triarii with their long spears.
Both the hastati and the principes were similarly armed, hence they are hard to keep apart.
A large curved shield, larger and heavier than that of the later legionaries, a simple bronze vaulted helmet with two side panels, chain mail body armour, a sword and a complement of pila (throwing spears).
This page was last updated on 4th June 2008.